Since the dawn of soccer to this day there were many methods used in the preparation of soccer players in order to reach the maximum of their development and thus achieve great results. The methods used have passed the most archaic to the most modern, the field of rooms for the academies.
Today we will deal the importance of functional training for soccer, a method that is gaining more fans and values the specificity of the movement, wanting to take the closest to your reality athlete.
Functional training is unable to condition and properly prepare the soccer player for a competition when used in isolation. The method has an important function within a training program aimed at global evolution of the athlete (SARGENTIM, 2013).
The players need a combination of stimuli that provide a balance between the physical capabilities necessary for high performance. This objective is achieved with specific loads and individualized training. The balance between motor skills provides a good condition for the athlete to have a good physical performance, technical, tactical, and can stand individually or collectively (GATZ, 2009).
Functional training has a strong relationship with muscle balance / articulate athlete, your application improves the muscle chains and brings benefits in the use of training loads, thus allowing for better performance and less risk of injury. This training method has two goals especially in the training of players, and the preparation of athletes to support training loads, bring comfort to the tasks with the strengthened and balanced body and reduce the incidence of muscle or joint injury, which it provides a sequence matches and their best use in competitions (SARGENTIM and PORTELLA, 2007).
Over the years a new trend of exercises aimed at strengthening and safety of the athlete. We often see the emergence of new exercises and methods for this purpose, but the applicable usually revolve around adaptations to training in gyms rooms and functional exercises.
Functional training evolves with these advances in methods and stands as an interesting alternative with respect to specific training. With the athlete’s balance of purpose, brings sync to the body and primarily aims to strengthen joint and simple exercises to facilitate the implementation of athlete, increase its complexity gradually and safely (SARGENTIM, 2013).
Below are two weekly models microcycles using the functional training mentioned in the book: Soccer: the game applied sciences and training: